Work, Health & Social Mobility

Research Categories - Work, Health & Social Mobility

Farmers Health Inequalities: Longitudinal Analysis of Morbidity, Mortality, and Migration Trends.

This study will examine morbidity, mortality, and migration between 1991, 2001, and 2011. Using individual and area level data from the NILS, I plan to compare census derived variables and health outcomes of agricultural workers against other distinct occupations. This study’s target audience will be farmers from different farming sectors and by extension their farming families. This study will analyse sub-groups of agricultural workers, their health circumstances, death rates, and migration trends against other detailed...

The relationship between birth weight and educational attainment.

This project aims to examine the relationship between birth weight/pre-term births and educational attainment, with reference to other related variables including geography, family background and socio-economic status to explore whether birth weight is an accurate predictor of educational attainment through a data linkage project between health trust data and the NILS database.

A descriptive and empirical analysis of labour market change in Northern Ireland between 1991 and 2011, with a focus on the investigation of historic and emerging labour market inequalities.

Over recent decades Northern Ireland’s labour market has been characterised by inequality, largely as a result of its place within a religiously divided society. One manifestation of this division has been a higher average employment rate among the Protestant population relative to the Roman Catholic population. Many explanations were offered for this disparity, the most contentious of which was religious discrimination (see Smith and Chambers, 1991). Concurrent with legislation enacted to address such discrimination, Northern...

Social and Occupational Mobility: Estimating the Extent of and Mechanisms Underpinning Intergenerational Mobility over a Twenty-Year period.

Social mobility refers to how great individuals’ opportunities are for advancement through social and occupational grades or classes. A widely used indicator of the level of fairness in a society is whether or not successive generations are enabled to attain occupations at higher grades than those achieved in previous generations of their family or household.

Mortality Rates by Occupation Within the UK.

The relationship between occupation and population health is complex, but understanding their interrelationships is a policy priority. It is widely accepted that being in employment is associated with health benefits. However, there is a lack of detailed understanding about the relative mortality risks of specific occupations and whether health-related benefits of employment occur across all occupations.

A Longitudinal Study of Commuting Patterns in Northern Ireland 2001 – 2011: A Public Health Perspective.

It has been reported that the daily commute to work in the UK accounts for around one fifth of all journeys each day (Pooley & Turnbull, 2000). This statistic highlights the importance of understanding the workings of the phenomenon and ensuring that, as a modern society, we are adequately prepared for it.

Job stress and mental health status: the relationship between the number of hours per week spent working, current health status and accumulated prescriptions for symptoms of depression or symptoms of heart disease.

In NILS project 060 (‘Worked to death..’), Research Team (DOR & MR) examined the mortality associated with numbers of hours spent working for those in full-time employment, as recorded at the 2001 Census of Northern Ireland. A paper reporting the results has been accepted for publication in the International Journal of Epidemiology (impact factor=6.98), and it has also stimulated a meta-analysis of 17 international cohorts to confirm the modification of the relationship between long working...

Telling it like it is: Educational attainment compared between the Censuses.

Our beta project was based upon fertility in the period 2001-11. Part of this involved the examination of educational attainment over the two Censuses. A remarkable outcome from this was that in about one tenth of cases educational attainment fell between the two Censuses. Most dramatically, over 1,300 of those who were recorded as having a degree in 2001 were listed as having no qualification in 2011. The object of this project is to identify...

Does month of birth matter? Educational, health and labour market outcomes in Northern Ireland.

There is an extensive literature on the effects of birth month on educational, labour market, and health outcomes in later life. In England and Wales, there is evidence that those with summer births in July and August have poorer educational and labour market outcomes (see for example Crawford et al 2007) and in the USA it has been suggested that those with winter births experience poorer later outcomes (Buckles et al 2010). This proposal aims...

Social and economic transitions and their effect on young people’s health and social wellbeing.

The importance of the early years for ensuring health, prosperity and wellbeing throughout the life course now informs the economic and social planning of Governments across the UK and internationally, informing, for example, the move towards publically funding pre-school education. Gaining a better understanding of the effect that the social environment can have on children and young people is important for identifying ways to mitigate harmful influences.  Low familial Socioeconomic Status (SES) has been found...

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