Psychological Behaviour & Health

Research Categories - Psychological Behaviour & Health

Examining the factors associated with self-harm, suicide ideation and subsequent mortality through data linkage

Self-Harm (SH) and suicide ideation (SI) (i.e. thoughts about dying by suicide) are two of the most important known risk factors for death by suicide. Increasing suicide rates are a major public health concern and Northern Ireland (NI) consistently has the highest rate of suicide in the UK and Ireland. Recent nationwide policies to reduce suicide are now including a focus on reducing SH and SI as these are precursors to suicide. However, little is...

A profile of the health and disability of school children in Northern Ireland.

To date, there has been little combined data regarding the unique health and disability profile of school children in Northern Ireland and its relative association with social background, commonly depicted by socio-economic status (SES). Evidence suggests a gradient relationship between SES and health outcomes in children [1]. Children growing up in families with lower SES have greater likelihood of poor outcomes across a range of health domains, with childhood disability also shown to be socially...

Exploration of health risks associated with social isolation.

Modern society is changing the way we live, work and relate to each other. Digitalization is eliminating the need for everyday social interactions and consequently, issues such as social isolation and loneliness are becoming pressing public health problems. Older adults are particularly susceptible to social isolation due to a number of factors such as retirement, bereavement, loss of social contacts, declining health conditions, and other age-related major life transitions. Adverse health effects of social isolation...

Learning Disability and Northern Ireland: Achieving Proportionate Universalism through administrative data research.

A multi‐disciplinary team comprising Secondary Data Analysis Initiative funded academic Research Team from Ulster University, University of Bristol and senior representatives from Public Health England, the Health and Social Care Board, the Public Health Agency (PHA), Positive Futures, The Association for Real Change (ARC), the Northern Ireland Health and Social Care Trusts and the service user group Compass Advocacy Network (CAN) aim to exploit, link and maximise the use of NI Census and Mortality data...

A record-linkage study assessing the influence of mental illness on breast screening uptake in Northern Ireland.

Cancer places a huge burden on the healthcare system. It is amongst the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide, with approximately 14 million new cases and 8.2 million cancer related deaths in 2012. Screening of the more susceptible population is the most effective method of detecting cancer early and subsequently achieving more positive treatment outcomes. However, large variations in screening uptake rates have been identified as a central factor contributing to avoidable cancer deaths....

Of Deafness and Mental Health: A data linkage study.

As people get older they suffer from many health conditions, this may be because of increasing propensity towards disease and/or a natural deterioration in parts or systems of the body. Some of these are evident and receive widespread public and academic attention (such as heart disease or dementia), others such as deafness do not, despite the potential to be a devastating chronic condition.

Volunteering and mortality risk: a data linkage study.

Just over 200,000 (~14%) of the people enumerated in the 2011 Census answered ‘yes’ to the question … In the past year, have you helped with or carried out any voluntary work without pay?

Suicide Risk and Family Contagion.

Northern Ireland (NI) has one of the highest rates of suicide in the UK and, unlike other countries; the rate among young men has been increasing in recent years. Only 28% of individuals who die by suicide in NI have been in touch with health services. The majority, therefore, are unknown to health and social services and may not be receiving the help they need. There is a need to understand the risk factors for...

Risk Factors for Poor Mental Health and Family Contagion.

Mental ill health places a major disease burden on society and Northern Ireland has one of the highest rates of poor mental health in the UK. A range of risk factors for poor mental health have been identified including deprivation, low education, unemployment, co-morbid physical health problems and family history. However, there are many questions relating to mental health that remain unclear; some of these form the basis of the proposed study and are listed...

Mortality associated with care-giving and care-giving related stress: a data linkage study.

Many studies have suggested that caregiving has a detrimental impact on health, thus the terminology ‘caregiver burden’ and ‘caregiver stress’. However, these conclusions are challenged by research (including from NILS and ONS-LS) that finds evidence of a comparative survivorship advantage. It is possible that while the overall effect on mortality may be beneficial, there may be sub-groups of carers who are at a higher mortality risk. The differentiating factor may be the amount of stress...

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